NiMH and NiCD battery charger

Here is a simple transistor battery charger it can charge batteries up to 12v in series. It has an LED and a few parts.

Circuit

To use it you must decide on a power supply voltage, current limit resistor, and number of cells. First to figure out what voltage to use you must know the total battery series voltage. Batteries in series their voltages adds up.

Battery series voltage(B1)minimum(V1)maximum(V1)
1.2v6.5v10v
2.4v7.5v11v
3.6v9.6v12v
4.8v10.5v13v
6v1215v
7.2v13.2v16v
8.4v14.5v18v
9.6v15.6v18v
10.8v16.8v19v
12v18v21v

Just pick a number of batteries in series that matches its output voltage. The power supply voltage must not go below minimum voltage or over the maximum voltage(as seen in the table above)

Now that we figured power supply voltage and battery count we must figure out the current limit resistor(R2). This charger will take 15 hours to charge. To figure out we need to know amp-hour of one battery. All batteries must have the same amp-hour rating. The current should be limited to ten times less than the amp-hour rating. So if it is 1000mAh the resistor should limit it to 100mA.

Amp-Hour rating:mAh
The calculated times small should be close to 10.

To use more than 10 cells multiply the number of parts. D1 is a standard 1A or higher rectifier diode. The charger should be turned off when it is done charger. The LED should change its state. Also, currents add up. The circuit originally came from ElectronicsYard

Published by Justin Roeder

I am an electronics engineer and computer programmer that has autism. I learned by myself

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *